UTI Full form
UTI Full form stands for Urinary Tract Infection. UTI can affect any part of the body. It is an infection of the urinary tract. It is usually caused by bacteria and can happen in any part of the urinary tract like kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. UTI is a common medical condition in females as around 50% of all females suffer from UTI during their lifetime. The UTIs that affect the upper urinary tract (kidneys and ureters) are rare but more severe than lower tract UTIs that affect the bladder and urethra.
The urinary tract can further be divided into the upper urinary tract and the lower urinary tract. The upper urinary tract consists of the kidneys and the ureters, and the lower urinary tract consists of the bladder and the urethra.
Fast facts on UTI
- Women have a lifetime risk of over 50 percent of developing a urinary tract infection (UTI).
- The most Common symptoms include a strong, frequent urge to urinate and a painful and srtrong or light burning sensation when urinating.
- A UTI is usually diagnosed based on symptoms and testing of a urine sample.
- UTIs can be cured with in 2 to 3 days of treatment.
- Cranberry extracts do not treat UTIs but may help reduce the risk of recurrent UTI.
Approximate 50 % of all women will experience at least one UTI during their lifetime and 20 to 30 % experiencing recurrent UTIs.
Pregnant women are not more vulnerable to UTI than other women, but if one does occur, it is more likely to travel up to the kidneys. This happens due to the changes in the body during pregnancy that affects the urinary tract.UTI Full form stands for Urinary Tract Infection
As a UTI in pregnancy can prove dangerous for both maternal and infant health, most pregnant women are tested for the occurrence of bacteria in their urine, even if is asymptomatic and treated with antibiotics to prevent spread.
Individuals of any age and sex can develop a UTI. However, some people are more vulnerable than others. The following factors can increase the likelihood of developing a UTI:
- sexual intercourse, especially if more frequent, intense, and with multiple or new partners
- poor personal hygiene
- problems emptying the bladder completely
- having a urinary catheter
- bowel incontinence
- the blocked flow of urine
- kidney stones
- some forms of contraception
- procedures involving the urinary tract
- Weak immune system
- immobility for a long period
- use of spermicides and tampons
- heavy use of antibiotics, which can disrupt the natural flora of the bowel and urinary tract
Symptoms of UTI
The symptoms of a UTI can depend on various factors like age, gender, the presence of a catheter, and what part of the urinary tract has been infected.
Common symptoms of a UTI include:
- strong and frequent urge to urinate
- cloudy, bloody, or strong-smelling urine
- pain or a burning sensation when urinating
- nausea and vomiting
- muscle aches and abdominal pains
People with catheters may only experience fever as a symptom, making diagnosis more difficult.
Acute pyelonephritis is a sudden and severe kidney infection. If an individual develops this condition they could also experience upper back and side pain, high fever, shaking, chills, fatigue, and mental changes. This type of condition is considered an emergency and should be examined by a doctor immediately if suspected.
If an individual has a bladder infection, they could also experience low fever and pressure, and cramping in the abdomen and lower back.
Most of the UTIs are not serious, but in exceptional cases, some can lead to serious problems, with upper UTIs.
Recurrent or long-lasting kidney infections can cause major problems like permanent damage, and some sudden kidney infections can be life-threatening, particularly if bacteria enter theg bloodstream in a condition known as septicemia.
They can also increase the risk of women delivering infants that are premature or have a low birth weight.
Prevention of UTI
There are several measures/remedies that can be taken to prevent the risk of developing a UTI:
- Drink lots of water and urinate frequently.
- Avoid Alcoholic fluids and caffeine that can be the reason to irritate the bladder.
- Urinate shortly after sex.
- Wipe from front to back after urinating and bowel movement.
- Keep the genital area clean.
- Showers are preferred to baths and avoid using oils in the genital area.
- Sanitary pads or menstrual cups are preferred to tampons.
- Avoid using a diaphragm or spermicide for birth control.
- Avoid using any perfumed products in the genital area.
- Wear cotton underwear and loose-fitting clothing to keep the area around the urethra dry.
Peoples are advised to consult a doctor if they develop the symptoms of a UTI, especially if they have developed the symptoms of a potential kidney infection.
Diagnosis of UTI
Diagnosis will usually be made after asking about the symptoms and testing a urine sample to observe the presence of white blood cells, red blood cells, and bacteria.
A method of collecting urine called “clean catch” is used. This requires that a person wash their genital area before providing a urine sample mid-flow. This helps to prevent bacteria from around the genital area getting caught in the sample.
If a person has recurrent UTIs, a doctor may request further diagnostic testing to determine if anatomical issues or functional issues are to blame. Such tests may include:
- Diagnostic imaging: This involves observing the urinary tract using ultrasound, CT and MRI scanning, radiation tracking, or X-rays.
- Urodynamics: This procedure determines how well the urinary tract is storing and releasing urine.
- Cystoscopy: This diagnostic exam allows the doctor to see inside the bladder and urethra with a camera lens, which inserted through the urethra through a long thin tube.
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