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What is COVID-19

COVID-19 full form is Corona Virus Disease 2019. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by  (SARS-CoV-2) . The said disease was first identified in 2019 in Wuhan region , the capital of Hubei China, and has since spread very rapidly globally, resulting in the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic. 

The new coronavirus, now known as Covid-19, was first identified in November 2019, and has spread rapidly and affect over 401,096 people in over 150 countries around the globe up to 24 March 2020 , causing more than 17,480 deaths.

It has many Common symptoms include fever, dry cough, and shortness of breath , Tiredness . Aches and pain, nausea or a runny nose , diarrhea, and sore throat are less common symptoms .  Loss of the sense of smell and taste may be the symptoms of COVID-19 but WHO have not confirmed it yet . The majority of cases suffer from mild symptoms, some progress to pneumonia and organ failure most commonly Lungs and Kidney failure

As of 23 March 2020, the rate of deaths per number of diagnosed cases is 4.4 percent; however, it ranges from 0.2 percent to 15 percent, according to age group and other health problems.

The virus is typically spread rapidly  from one person to another via respiratory droplets produced while coughing. It can also be spread from touching contaminated surfaces and then touching one’s face. The virus can live on surfaces up to 72 hours to 12 days . Time from exposure to onset of symptoms is generally between two and fourteen days, with an average of six days. The Major method of diagnosis is by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction  from a nasopharyngeal swab.

The name Covid-19 was announced on 11 February by the World Health Organization. The director general, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, said: “We had to find a name that did not refer to a geographical location, an animal, an individual or group of people, and which is also pronounceable and related to the said disease. The full form of COVID-19 is Corona Virus Disease 2019.


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